- 75% answered at least one question wrong as led by confederation.
- 5% answered all 12 questions wrong as led by confederation.
- Only 25% answered all questions right without being led by confederation.
- “I did not want to be look like an idiot”
- “Obviously majority has some insight about truth that I am currently unaware”
- “I was unaware that I promted wrong, I did not think, just beleive in the majority”
- Perception bias: Very rare. Subject do believe in “the majority is right”
- Conclusion bias: Very common. Subject does not sure about his view and hence joins the majority.
- Activity bias: Rare. Subject does understand and conclude properly but does not want to be alienated by the majority and hence responds like them.
Alienation by majority is a way of punishing innovators. Mass education system is a good mean to provide mediocrity. Alienation is also a strong mechanism to anchor at status que even for companies and countries. This is a sure way to sustain underdevelopment.
Consider paradigm shift. Status que means staying in the current paradigm. Peer pressure is obvious through education, experience, satisfaction with current results and hence alienation attitude towards all innovative alternatives is quite common. Please refer to my previous post about Dunning-Kruger Effect.
These two studies lead us to Layers of Resistance and Thinking Process by TOC.